Brazil | Ethanol fuel project
In 1975, a large-scale development program for the production of ethanol fuel from bagasse was initiated;
Germany | Circular economy and waste law
The policy of Engriffsregelung (an ecological protection measure and a source of “ecological compensation”) was introduced in 1976;
In 1994, the Bundestag passed the Circular Economy and Waste Law, which came into effect in 1996 and became the general special law for the construction of circular economy and waste removal in Germany. For landscaping waste, Germany developed Kassel (a German university name) plan: the garden dead branches, leaves, flowers and other garbage, kitchen food residues, fruit peels and other organic waste into biodegradable plastic bags, and then into the collection bucket for processing.
United States | Resource conservation and Recovery Law
The Resources Conservation & Recovery Act (RCRA) promulgated and implemented in 1976 can be regarded as the management origin of agricultural circular economy.
In 1994, the Environmental Protection Agency specifically issued epA530-R-94-003 code for the collection, classification, composting and post-processing of landscaping waste, as well as related laws and standards.
Denmark | Waste planning
Since 1992, waste planning has been formulated. Since 1997, it has been stipulated that all combustible wastes must be recycled as energy and landfill is prohibited. A series of effective legal policies and tax system have been formulated, and a series of clear encouragement policies have been adopted.
New Zealand | Regulations
Landfill disposal and incineration of organic waste are prohibited, and policies of composting and reuse are actively promoted.
UK | 10 year plan
A 10-year plan to “ban commercial use of peat” has been drawn up, and most areas of the UK have now ruled out commercial use of peat in favour of alternatives.
Japan | Waste Management Law (Revised)
In 1991, the Japanese government promulgated the “Waste Treatment Law (Revised Version)”, which reflected the significant transformation of waste from “sanitary treatment” to “correct treatment” to “control of discharge and recycling”, and entrusted the waste treatment with the principle of “grading”. It refers to Reduce, Reuse, recycle, or accept physical and chemical recycling, Recover and Dispose. According to statistics, in 2007, the reuse rate of waste in Japan was 52.2%, of which 43.0% was reduced through treatment.
Canada | Fertilizer Week
Recycling is often adopted to allow yard waste to decompose naturally, that is, the shredded branches and leaves are used directly as floor coverings. Canadian Fertilizer Council takes advantage of the “Canadian Fertilizer Week” held from May 4 to 10 every year to encourage citizens to make their own compost to realize the reuse of landscaping waste . So far, 1.2 million compost bins have been distributed to households across the country. After putting organic waste into the compost bin for about three months, a variety of organic materials such as withered flowers, leaves, used paper and wood chips can be used as natural fertilisers.
Belgium | Mixed compost
Green services in larger cities such as Brussels have long used mixed composting to deal with green organic waste. The city has 15 large open composting sites and four placement sites that handle 216,000 tons of green waste. The non-profit organization VLACO organizes, controls quality and promotes green waste. The city’s whole compost system is integrated with quality control, which is more conducive to market sales.
Post time: Mar-15-2022